Configuring Windows Firewall Advanced Settings

Windows Firewall:

Firewall is software used to check the information coming from the internet or the network. Firewall prevents hackers or malicious programs, worms from gaining access to your computer through internet or network. Firewall restricts these hackers and malicious programs based on the predefined rules or firewall settings. IT also stops your computer from sending malicious programs to another computer. Windows firewall with advanced security protects your computer from network attackers and malicious software.

Windows Firewall with advanced security:

Windows firewall with advanced security consists of complicated rules based on port protocol, port address and authentication. Windows 7 firewall can protect your computer from hackers. Some of its features are:

  1. Configure inbound and outbound traffic rules.
  2. Configure and apply Firewall rules based on network protocol type and port address.
  3. Configure and apply firewall rules based on network address of a specific service.
  4. Configure rules to allow only authenticated network traffic and block the others.
  5. Configure the security rules.

Inbound traffic: Inbound traffic is the network data that is sent to client computer running on windows 7 from external host over a network.

Outbound traffic: Outbound traffic is the network data that is sent by the client computers running on windows 7 to an external host over the network.

 Steps to configure Windows Firewall:

  1. Click ‘Start’ – ‘Control panel—‘system security’ – ‘Windows Firewall’. From the left pane, click ‘Allow a program or feature through windows Firewall’.
  2. Click on ‘Change settings’ button, check and select the programs or applications from the list.
  3. IF you want to open application in ‘Home/work (private) or Public, or both the networks then select accordingly.
  4. Click ‘Allow another program’ button, if you want to add more programs or applications.
  5. Select program from the ‘Add a program List’ or click on ‘Browse’ to browse the program from the respective location. Write down the name of the program which is allowed to interact with the network.
  6. You can specify the network location on which you want to allow the program by clicking on ‘Network location types’. Click ‘Add’ button to add the selected application or program. Click ‘Ok’ to save the settings.

Steps to configure Windows Firewall with advanced security rules:

  1. Click ‘Start’ – ‘Control panel’ – ‘System Security’. Open ‘Windows firewall’ console and choose ‘Advanced settings’.’ Windows firewall with advanced security settings’ page will be displayed.
  2. Select ‘Inbound rules’ node to create inbound rule. Click ‘New rule’ in action pane to create new rules. The ‘New inbound rule’ wizard appears.
  3. Select the type of the rule that you want to create from the rule type page and click ‘Next’. Select ‘Port’ option and click ‘Next’. The ‘Port and the protocol page’ of the ‘New inbound rule ‘wizard appears.
  4. Select the appropriate protocol and specify the ports on which you want to apply rule conditions and click ‘Next’. The action page of the ‘New inbound rule’ wizard appears.
  5. Select the type of the rule you want to create. For e.g. Select ‘Allow the connection if it is secure’ and click ‘Customize’ button to apply the security methods. Select the required option on ‘Customize allow if secure settings’ page and click ‘Ok’.
  6. On ‘Action page’ of the ‘New inbound rule’ wizard, click ‘Next. The user’s page of the new inbound rule wizard appears.
  7. On the ‘Users page’ specify the type of users and add the users of specified category that are allowed to make the connection specified by the rule. Click ‘Next’. The ‘Name page’ of the ‘New inbound rule’ wizard appears.
  8. On the ‘Name page’ of the ‘New inbound rule’ wizard, enter a name for the ‘New rule’ and specify a description for the same. Click ‘finish’ when you are done.